47 user 54 critic

Closely Watched Trains (1966)

Ostre sledované vlaky (original title)
An apprentice train dispatcher at a village station seeks his first sexual encounter and becomes despondent when he is unable to perform.


Jirí Menzel


Bohumil Hrabal (novel), Bohumil Hrabal (screenplay) | 1 more credit »
Won 1 Oscar. Another 1 win & 6 nominations. See more awards »


Learn more

More Like This 

Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.2/10 X  

A carpenter in the Nazi-occupied Slovak State is appointed "Aryan controller" of a Jewish widow's store.

Directors: Ján Kadár, Elmar Klos
Stars: Ida Kaminska, Jozef Kroner, Hana Slivková
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  

Middle-aged Antonin and his friends, the major, now retired, and the canon, are in the river, swimming and philosophizing. Then it starts to rain. It just seems to be that sort of summer. ... See full summary »

Director: Jirí Menzel
Stars: Rudolf Hrusínský, Vlastimil Brodský, Frantisek Rehák
Comedy | Romance | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

A factory manager in rural Czechoslovakia bargains with the army to send men to the area, to boost the morale of his young female workers, deprived of male company since the local boys have... See full summary »

Director: Milos Forman
Stars: Hana Brejchová, Vladimír Pucholt, Vladimír Mensík
Comedy | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

A volunteer fire department throws a party for their former boss with the whole town invited, but nothing goes as planned.

Director: Milos Forman
Stars: Jan Vostrcil, Josef Sebánek, Josef Valnoha
The Cremator (1969)
Comedy | Crime | Drama
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

Set in World War II, a demented cremator believes cremation relieves earthly suffering and sets out to save the world.

Director: Juraj Herz
Stars: Rudolf Hrusínský, Vlasta Chramostová, Jana Stehnová
Shortcuts (1981)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

An evocation of the childhood memories of Bohumil Hrabal in his provincial town of Nymburk, dominated by the local brewery.

Director: Jirí Menzel
Stars: Magda Vásáryová, Jirí Schmitzer, Jaromír Hanzlík
Comedy | Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

Set in the late 1940s, the film concerns the treatment of suspect "bourgeois elements", a professor, a saxophonist, and a milkman, who are put to work in a junkyard for rehabilitation.

Director: Jirí Menzel
Stars: Rudolf Hrusínský, Vlastimil Brodský, Václav Neckár
Comedy | Drama | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.4/10 X  

A look at the glamorous life at an old-world Prague hotel.

Director: Jirí Menzel
Stars: Ivan Barnev, Oldrich Kaiser, Julia Jentsch
Drama | War
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

Two Jewish boys escape from a train transporting them from one concentration camp to another. The film goes beyond the themes of war and anti-Nazism and concerns itself with man's struggle to preserve human dignity.

Director: Jan Nemec
Stars: Ladislav Jánsky, Antonín Kumbera, Ilse Bischofova
Drama | History | Romance
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.1/10 X  

A grim portrayal of the shift from Paganism to Christianity in medieval Czechoslovakia - as a young virgin promised to God is kidnapped and raped by a marauder who her religious father seeks to kill in return.

Director: Frantisek Vlácil
Stars: Josef Kemr, Magda Vásáryová, Nada Hejna
The Ear (1990)
Drama | Thriller
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

After coming home from a Party gathering one night, a Czechoslovakian official becomes convinced that he is about to be the subject of a political purge and tries to do damage control, while also dealing with his turbulent marriage.

Director: Karel Kachyna
Stars: Jirina Bohdalová, Radoslav Brzobohatý, Gustav Opocenský
Drama | History
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

Ondrej, a young boy who loves bees and bats, is introduced to his new mother, a woman much younger than his father. He brings her a basketful of flowers which she starts to throw in the air... See full summary »

Director: Frantisek Vlácil
Stars: Petr Cepek, Jan Kacer, Vera Galatíková


Cast overview, first billed only:
Václav Neckár ... Milos Hrma
Josef Somr ... výpravcí Hubicka
Vlastimil Brodský ... rada Zednícek
Vladimír Valenta Vladimír Valenta ... Prednosta stanice
Alois Vachek Alois Vachek ... stanicní pomocník Novák
Ferdinand Kruta ... fotograf Noneman, Másin strýc
Jitka Scoffin Jitka Scoffin ... Mása (as Jitka Bendová)
Jitka Zelenohorská Jitka Zelenohorská ... Zdenicka Svatá
Nada Urbánková ... Victoria Freie
Libuse Havelková ... Prednostová
Kveta Fialová ... Hrabenka
Pavla Marsálková Pavla Marsálková ... Matka
Milada Jezková ... Zdenina matka
Zuzana Minichova Zuzana Minichova
Václav Fiser Václav Fiser ... Plasterer (as V. Fiser)


A young man follows his father's footsteps and joins the railway company, where he learns the job and has his first affair. Set in the country, during the German occupation. Written by Michael Crew <m.crew@bbcnc.org.uk>

Plot Summary | Plot Synopsis


People kept telling young, lazy inexperienced Miles "Work makes you grow up. War Makes you grow up. Sex makes you grow up." So young, lazy, inexperienced Miles went to work, went to war, went, etc...etc See more »


Comedy | Drama | Romance | War


Not Rated | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

View content advisory »





Czech | German

Release Date:

18 November 1966 (Czechoslovakia) See more »

Also Known As:

Closely Watched Trains See more »


Box Office

Cumulative Worldwide Gross:

See more on IMDbPro »

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:


Aspect Ratio:

1.33 : 1
See full technical specs »

Did You Know?


Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider. See more »


The blanket covering the stamped girl changes between shots. See more »


[first lines]
Milos Hrma: My name is Milos Hrma. People often laughed at my name. But ours was a famous family. Great Grandfather Lukas was a drummer and fought on the Charles Bridge in Prague. The students threw cobblestones at the soldiers and hit Grand Grandfather so hard that he was pensioned off on one gulden a day. He didn't do anything after that except buying a bottle of rum and a pack of tobacco every day.
See more »


Referenced in DVTV: Jan Hrebejk (2014) See more »

Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.

User Reviews

The meek shall inherit the earth. [CORRECTION!]
23 October 2003 | by philipdaviesSee all my reviews

The explanation for the title of Jiri Menzel's film is that it was apparently derived from a military designation employed by the Germans who ran the railways in occupied Czechoslovakia, and would probably have indicated that the highest level of security was to be observed for the whole length of the railway system over which a train so designated had to pass.

'Closely Observed Trains' - its title in Britain is probably the better translation - sounds like the rambling memoir of some harmlessly eccentric train-buff: Gauge numbers, timetables, wheel configurations - that sort of thing! In fact, as we are finally shocked to realize, it describes precisely the munitions train which the Czech Resistance successfully target at the film's conclusion. The title is deeply ironic, therefore, since the seemingly innocent observance of ordinary life, that goes on in and around the country Station where the film is set, hides the seething secret of the meek and powerless, which is that, since their natural desire for life and happiness has been thwarted, they must encompass a more violent and final solution to their problems. With his death, the unhappy young trainee Václav becomes, not a hero! but the authentic representative of his desparate fellow countrymen, whose virility has become a mere joke - a land whose history has been stopped by occupation, and which therefore has no posterity.

It is, one might say, a land 'without issue' as obituary notices would put it. This adds a curious twist to the bottom-stamping scene: It reveals, behind the charming buffoonery, a society where even relations between the sexes must have an official, bureaucratic imprimatur - where, indeed, the pillars of society are themselves so perverted as to take their only sexual pleasure in feasting their elderly eyes on a young woman's (as it were) officially sanctioned nether regions. The more one thinks about it - as the blast blows Václav's hat back down the platform, and simultaneously forces us back into the film we have just seen through the shocking force of such an unexpected denoument - the more the German Occupation's stamps of approval must appear as a form of evirated official rape. Of the land, as of the girl, of course.

The explosion of the sabotaged munitions train wakes us from our comfortable and patronising sojourn in a Never-Never Land where charming and harmless buffoons exist merely for our own amusement, just as its repercussions signal the eventual destruction and extirpation from Czechoslovakia of just such patronising Nazi superiority. The film alerts us to the fact that the gentlest contempt is as cruel and destructive as the most brutal jackbooted hate: A collaborationist gesture is satirized, and the inky soul of bureaucracy is exposed.

The most decent and honest person in the film, apart from the young Conductress (who appears to be a Resistance agent), is Václav, largely because of what is conventionally seen as the tragedy of his doomed love-life: He is untainted by the conforming adult world around him - a tormented innocent, like Christ, and similarly destined to be mankind's saviour through suffering.

Perhaps his cap, rolling down the Station platform before the blast, represents the crown of thorns that every Czech had to pick up, before the new Rome of Hitler's Germany could be defeated? Certainly, this is not a sunny film. It is a film that demonstrates the necessity for the performance of the sternest duty: To suffer, and to die if necessary, for one's country. And by reading us this lesson without any of the rhetorical and false heroics of the conventional action-movie, Jiri Menzel refuses to excuse his audience from enlisting for such hard service; by definition, a conquered people have no heroes, so that they have no alternative but to struggle in small ways, accumulating the stature of a Nation organically. This is, after all, the only possible repudiation of the Nazi ideology of the Ubermensch.

Truly, 'the meek shall inherit the earth.'

10 of 22 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you? | Report this
Review this title | See all 47 user reviews »

Contribute to This Page

Recently Viewed