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The Longest Day (1962) Poster

Trivia

Dwight D. Eisenhower walked out on the movie after only a few minutes, frustrated by the inaccuracies.
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Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Vandervoort was twenty-seven-years-old on D-Day. He was very disappointed to find that he was being played in this movie by John Wayne, given that he was ten years younger than the fifty-four-year-old Wayne when the movie was made.
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While clearing a section of the Normandy beach near Ponte du Hoc, the crew unearthed a tank that had been buried in the sand since the original invasion. Mechanics cleaned it off, fixed it up and it was used in the movie as part of the British tank regiment.
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Henry Grace was not an actor when being cast as Dwight D. Eisenhower, but his remarkable resemblance to Eisenhower got him the role.
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An estimated twenty-three thousand troops were supplied by the U.S., Britain, and France for filming. (Germans only appeared as officers in speaking roles.) The French contributed one thousand commandos, despite their involvement in the Algerian War at the time.
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In Italy for the filming of Cleopatra (1963), Roddy McDowall became so frustrated with the numerous delays during its production, he begged Darryl F. Zanuck for a part in this movie just so he could do some work. He ended up with a small role as an American soldier. Richard Burton, who was also filming Cleopatra (1963), took the opportunity caused by the long delays to take a cameo role of an R.A.F. pilot.
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During the filming of the landings at Omaha Beach, the American soldiers appearing as extras didn't want to jump off the landing craft into the water because they thought it would be too cold. Robert Mitchum (General Norm Cota) was so disgusted with them that he jumped in first, at which point, the soldiers had no choice but to follow his example.
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One of Producer Darryl F. Zanuck's big worries was that, as filming of the actual invasion drew near, he couldn't find any working German Messerschmitts, which strafed the beach, or British Spitfires, which chased them away. He finally found two Messerschmitt Me-108 trainers that were being used by the Spanish Air Force, and two Spitfires that were still on active duty with the Belgian Air Force, and rented all four of them for the invasion scenes.
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As a twenty-two-year-old private, Joseph Lowe landed on Omaha Beach on D-Day with the Second Ranger Battalion and scaled the cliffs at Point-Du-Hoc. He scaled those one hundred-foot cliffs all over again, for the cameras, seventeen years later.
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In his memoirs, Sir Christopher Lee recalls being rejected for a role in the movie because he didn't look like a military man (Lee volunteered to fight in the Winter War of 1939 before serving in the R.A.F., R.A.F. Intelligence, the Special Operations Executive (S.O.E.) - precursor to MI6, and the Long Range Desert Group (L.R.D.G.) - precursor to the S.A.S. during World War II).
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One of the first World War II films made by an American studio in which the members of each country spoke nearly all their dialogue in the language of that country: the Germans spoke German, the French spoke French, and the Americans and the British spoke English. There were subtitles on the bottom of the screen to translate the various languages. There were two versions of this movie, one where all the actors spoke English and the other (the better known one) where the French and German actors spoke their respective languages.
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Curd Jürgens played General Blumentritt. In real-life, Jürgens had been imprisoned by the Nazis.
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Just before shooting began in Corsica, Producer Darryl F. Zanuck was approached by a man stating he represented the beach owners. He insisted on a fifteen thousand dollar payment, or else they would drive modern cars along the beach. Zanuck paid the money, but it was later discovered to be a scam as there were no private beaches in Corsica. Zanuck eventually won damages after an eight-year lawsuit.
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According to several German veterans, Major Werner Pluskat was not at his command bunker in Omaha Beach when the first wave of the invasion forces landed, as depicted in this movie. He was in a bordello in Caen.
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"Rupert" was not the first dummy paratrooper used in the war. The Luftwaffe dropped dummies along with real troops all over Holland and parts of Belgium in the opening of the Battle for France.
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Richard Todd, who took part in the action at the bridge at Benouville (later renamed Pegasus Bridge), was offered the chance to play himself, but joked, "I don't think at this stage of my acting career I could accept a part 'that' small." He played the commander of the bridge assault, Major John Howard, instead.
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The piper who played the bagpipes as Lord Lovat's commandos stormed ashore is played by the late Pipe Major Leslie de Laspee, who was at the time Pipe Major of the London Scottish Pipe Band, and personal piper to Her Majesty the Queen Mother. The actual man who did this stirring deed on D-Day was Bill Millin. He recently donated that same set of pipes to the national war memorial in Edinburgh Castle.
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Kenneth More (Captain Colin Maud) carried the shillelagh Maud had used in the actual invasion, which had been loaned to him by Maud.
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Sir Sean Connery asked that his scenes be filmed quickly so he could get to Jamaica in time to star in Dr. No (1962).
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Former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was considered for the role of himself in this movie, and he indicated his willingness. However, it was decided that make-up artists couldn't make him appear young enough to play his World War II self.
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Many of the military consultants and advisers, drawn from both sides, were actual participants on D-Day.
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Contrary to what is shown in this movie, many of the German soldiers posted to Normandy at the time of the landings were young boys from the Hitler Youth and old men from reserve regiments as the main regiments had been moved due to the disinformation fed to German high command by the allies. Many veterans would report that the faces of the teenage boys they had to kill haunted them into old age.
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Only six percent of the paratroopers depicted actually achieved their goal, sixty percent of the men and equipment parachuted in on D-Day were lost.
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With a ten million dollar budget, this was the most expensive black-and-white movie ever made until Schindler's List (1993).
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Although he changed the cap-badge to that of Major Howard's regiment, the beret that Richard Todd (who plays Howard) wears in this movie, is the one that he actually wore on D-Day.
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As part of John Wayne's contract, in addition to his high fee, he insisted on getting separate billing. The usual practice in movie credits for this type of situation is to start off with "Starring John Wayne and *the other actors*. However, the credits begin with "starring *the other actors*... and John Wayne". Wayne's name appears last on the credits, while still meeting the separate billing clause of his contract.
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Twentieth Century Fox was taking a real gamble making this movie. At ten million dollars, it was a hugely daring venture, but even more risky was Cleopatra (1963), which was being filmed concurrently. This was to set Fox back the then unprecedented sum of forty million dollars. Although Cleopatra (1963) did well at the box-office, it was simply too expensive to recoup its costs, and nearly bankrupted the studio. Fortunately, this movie turned out to be one of Fox's biggest hits and helped off-set the financial damage caused by the Egyptian epic.
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John Wayne, who was fifty-four at the time of filming, was widely felt to be too old and too heavy to play a paratrooper. The part was originally offered to thirty-eight-year-old Charlton Heston.
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To create a more sympathetic stance to each of the different parties, Producer Darryl F. Zanuck had Englishman Ken Annakin direct the British segments, the American parts were handled by American action specialist Andrew Marton, and German Bernhard Wicki took care of the scenes with the German Army officers.
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The Germans were deliberately not portrayed in stereotypical style. The words "Sieg Heil", for instance, are never said, although they can be seen written on a bunker wall in Ouistreham.
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As would be done later in Patton (1970), the Twentieth Century Fox logo is never shown.
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The theme song to the movie, by Paul Anka, was used as the regimental march of the Canadian Airborne Regiment (1968 to 1995).
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John Robinson (Admiral Ramsay) took part in the D-Day landings as a member of the Reconnaissance Corps.
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No gliders of the sort used in the invasion were available, so Producer Darryl F. Zanuck commissioned new duplicates from the same company that built the originals.
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Adolf Hitler doesn't make an appearance in this movie. In reality, he slept through the start of the D-Day landings, having taken a sleeping pill.
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When cost overruns on Cleopatra (1963) threatened to force Twentieth Century Fox to shut down production of this movie, Producer Darryl F. Zanuck flew to New York City to save his project. After an impassioned speech to Fox's board, he regained control of the company he founded, ultimately finishing this movie and getting the production of Cleopatra (1963) under control.
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When the film was released there were complaints over the casting, as many of the actors were too old for their characters.
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Richard Burton said he felt that he and Donald Houston were too old to play R.A.F. pilots. During his national service in the R.A.F., he never saw a pilot older than thirty.
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During shooting in Ste. Mère-Eglise, traffic was stopped, stores were closed, and the power was shut down in order not to endanger the paratroopers who were unused to night drops in populated areas. Still, the lights and staged fire proved to be too difficult to work around, and only one or two jumpers managed to land in the square, with several suffering minor injuries. One of the initial jumpers broke both legs in landing. Ultimately, plans to use authentic jumps were abandoned, opting instead for rigged jumps from high cranes.
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To give an idea of the scale of this film, producer Darryl F. Zanuck effectively commanded more "troops" than any of the generals during the actual campaign.
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The fleet scenes were filmed using twenty-two ships of the U.S. Sixth Fleet during maneuvers off Corsica between June 21-30, 1961. The cameras had to avoid shooting the area where the fleet's aircraft carrier was positioned, as there were no carriers in the invasion.
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Due to the massive cost overruns on Cleopatra (1963) (which was filming concurrently), Darryl F. Zanuck had to agree to a fixed filming budget. After he had spent the budgeted amount, he started using his own money to pay for the production.
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In addition to Sean Connery, who made his debut as James Bond the same year this movie was shot, two other actors in this movie were Gert Fröbe and Curd Jürgens, two future Bond villains. Also appearing in this movie is longtime Bond actor Walter Gotell, who first appeared as the SPECTRE agent Morzeny in From Russia with Love (1963), and later appeared in six Bond films starring Roger Moore and Timothy Dalton, in the role of General Anatol Gogol, head of the Soviet KGB.
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Eddie Albert (Colonel Thompson) was a World War II veteran, but he served in the Pacific, not in Europe.
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Red Buttons was considered too old to play a paratrooper.
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The production had thirty-six real landing craft and two real German planes at its disposal.
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It only took four days to shoot John Wayne's cameo, although it was one of the more lengthy of all of the cameos in the movie.
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The French Resistance woman shown at the start of this movie was played by Irina Demick, who was Producer Darryl F. Zanuck's girlfriend at the time.
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Darryl F. Zanuck and Cornelius Ryan collaborated on the screenplay, even though they hated each other almost from the first time they met. It was up to Producer Elmo Williams to mediate between the two and keep the peace.
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Throughout the movie, a drum can occasionally be heard in the background. It hits three high notes and a fourth that is lower as in "bim, bim, bim, bum". These represent the three dots and a dash of the Morse code "V", as in "V for Victory".
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Producer Darryl F. Zanuck paid the original author Cornelius Ryan one hundred seventy-five thousand dollars for the screen rights to his book.
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The real Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. died of a heart attack in France just a few weeks after the Normandy invasion.
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Richard Todd (Major John Howard, Officer Commanding D Company of The 2nd Battalion The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Air Landing Brigade, 6th Airborne Division) was in Normandy on D-Day, and participated as Captain Todd of the 7th Parachute Battalion, 5th Parachute Brigade, British 6th Airborne Division. His battalion went into action as reinforcements, via a parachute jump (after the gliders had landed and completed the initial coup de main assault). Captain Richard "Sweeney" Todd was moved from the plane, from which he was originally scheduled to jump, to another. The original plane was shot down, killing everyone on board.
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The character who calls the homing pigeons on Juno beach "Traitors" when they appear to fly east towards Germany is Canadian journalist Charles Lynch, who landed with the Canadians and covered the landings for Reuters.
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The part of the British priest was first offered to Sir Dirk Bogarde, who turned it down.
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When leading the assault at Pegasus Bridge, Richard Todd (Major Howard) cries, "Up the Ox and Bucks!" He and his men belonged to the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. This regiment was formed in 1881 by the merger of the 43rd and 52nd Regiments of Foot, first raised in 1741 and 1755, respectively.
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Donald Houston, who has one scene as an RAF. pilot, served in the RAF as a rear gunner and radio operator during WW2. He took part in the D-Day operation on a Lancaster bomber.
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The Spitfire planes needed to be fitted with new Rolls-Royce engines before being usable.
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Germany was fighting alone in Europe after Italy had switched sides in September 1943.
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On D-Day, the Germans had only three hundred nineteen operational aircraft left to face the Allied armada of over nine thousand planes.
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Four Spitfires were used in the strafing sequence. They were all ex-Belgian target tugs and all were MK9s. The serial numbers were MH415, MK297, MK923 and MH434 and all are, as of this writing, still extant. The Spitfires were assembled and coordinated by former Free French Spitfire pilot Pierre Laureys, who flew with the 340 Squadron, a Free French unit in the R.A.F. The four Spitfires were, of course, repainted in 340 Squadron markings. Spitfire MK923 was owned by Oscar winner Cliff Robertson from 1963 to 1998.
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The Messerschmitts used to portray Luftwaffe fighters were not Bf-109s, but were actually Bf-108 Taifuns, a four-seat cabin monoplane design with a wider fuselage.
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Many of the beach scenes were filmed in Corsica.
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Even if Adolf Hitler had released the Panzers that were being held in reserve, it is unlikely they could have made any difference without control of the sky, as the failure of the Ardennes Offensive later demonstrated.
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There was some controversy over the casting. At fifty-four, John Wayne was twice as old as Colonel Benjamin Vandervoort had been at the time. At fifty-two, Robert Ryan was fifteen years older than General James M. Gavin had been.
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Several sources credit Sir Christopher Lee as being in this project, but Lee denied working on this movie.
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John Wayne (a very conservative Republican) and Robert Ryan (a very liberal Democrat) had managed to put their political differences aside when they made Flying Leathernecks (1951), but they did not get along at all while making this movie.
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This movie was made in black-and-white to allow archive footage to be incorporated, to give the movie a documentary feel, and because it was felt some of the stars would appear younger.
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Sir Alec Guinness was sought for a cameo.
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One of the uncredited writers on this movie was James Jones, author of "From Here to Eternity".
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A colorized version of this movie, in pan and scan 4:3 ratio, was released on VHS in 1994, the 50th Anniversary of the invasion, but met with almost total resistance by serious movie enthusiasts who preferred to see it in black-and-white, and in its correct, original widescreen ratio.
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Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and his son Manfred Rommel were played by real-life father and son Werner Hinz and Michael Hinz, respectively.
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The role of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Vandervoort was sought by Charlton Heston, but John Wayne decided to take the part at the last minute, and Heston was out.
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As there was a naturist resort two miles inland from the Corsican beach, it was necessary to post signs warning the naturists not to approach the water during filming.
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Red Buttons was cast after he ran into Producer Darryl F. Zanuck in a Paris café.
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Despite the Cornelius Ryan connection, the only actors to appear in this movie and A Bridge Too Far (1977) are Sir Sean Connery and Wolfgang Preiss.
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The scene of the French commando assault in Ouistreham was filmed in the nearby town of Port-en-Bessin. A building seen in the background of the long tracking shot is painted with the words "Bazar de Ouistreham". A local resident has indicated that this sign originally said "Bazar de Port-en-Bessin", but the town name was painted over to say "Ouistreham" for filming, then restored to say "Port-en-Bessin" after filming. As of 2013, the paint of the lettering on the building is still visible, but has faded on the town name portion, so that both the "Port-en-Bessin" and "Ouistreham" lettering can now be seen.
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The "Crickets" demonstrated by John Wayne in this movie, and those used during the actual invasion. Where made by J. Hudson & Co., a whistle manufacturer of Birmingham, England. The company is still in existence, famous for their "The ACME" whistles, they still produce an exact replica of the crickets using the original tooling.
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The casting of John Wayne as a paratrooper in his mid-twenties was widely regarded as a mistake.
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Alongside the three credited directors, Gerd Oswald directed the parachute drop scene, and Producer Darryl F. Zanuck did some pick-ups.
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Producer Darryl F. Zanuck was quoted in an interview as saying that he didn't think much of actors forming their own production companies, citing The Alamo (1960), produced by John Wayne, as a failure of such ventures. Wayne found out about this interview before being approached by Zanuck, and refused to appear in this movie unless he was paid two hundred fifty thousand dollars for his role (when the other famous actors were being paid twenty-five thousand dollars). Wayne got his requested salary.
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John Wayne's separate billing on the end credits was controversial in view of his non-participation during World War II. Wayne's non-participation was due to the fact that he tried to enlist and was classified medically as "4-F". His sons Patrick and Michael have seen the paperwork regarding John's "4-F" status, and have had it authenticated. John was medically unable to serve.
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In several of the beach invasion scenes, troops can be seen wearing 1960s-era military issued eyeglass frames (birth control glasses or B.C.G.s) with thick plastic frames. During World War II, troops were issued wire rimmed glasses. B.C.G.s were not issued until after the war.
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Some critics felt having every part played by a star reduced this movie's emotional impact.
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Despite being in two scenes, Gert Fröbe (Sergeant Kaffekanne) never says a word.
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In 1963, the N.A.A.C.P. accused Hollywood studios of racial discrimination. Using this movie as an example, it cited the fact that despite there being approximately one thousand seven hundred black soldiers who took part in the actual landings, this movie featured just one black actor. He's an extra, and he can be seen on a landing craft (around one hour and forty-eight minutes) in this movie, right in the middle of the frame.
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Uncredited theatrical movie debut of Richard Dawson (British Soldier).
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Although American Film Institute Catalogue of feature films, 1961-1970, identifies Dewey Martin as "Private Wilder", and claims his part was cut from the final release print, he appeared with Roddy McDowall on the beach, and his rank is that of a Sergeant (insignia on his helmet), and is addressed as "McDowall".
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At one point the camera zooms in on Crecy on the map. Crecy was where the English recorded one of their greatest victories ever, against the French.
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This movie had its Royal Charity premiere on Thursday October 11, 1962 at the Leicester Square Theatre, London, in presence of Princess Margaret for the aid of the Army Benevolent Fund.
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During the scene, in which Brigadier General Norman Cota (Robert Mitchum) is complaining to Colonel Thomson (Eddie Albert) about the weather, and the number of men being cooped up, Thomson turns to the adjutant and orders him to turn down the radio. The song playing on the radio at that moment is an instrumental of the 1943 Cole Porter tune, "Don't Fence Me In".
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In researching his contribution to the script, Romain Gary uncovered one of Cornelius Ryan's mistakes: the casino at Ouistreham had not existed on June 6, 1944. Since the casino set had already been built, however, the scene taking place there was filmed anyway.
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Fox executives were nervous when Darryl F. Zanuck decided to film this in black-and-white. When he was asked how audiences would distinguish it from newsreel footage, Zanuck replied, "Don't worry, I'll put a star in every shot!"
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After D-Day the Sixth of June (1956), this was the second film dramatisation of the Normandy landings in which D-Day veteran Richard Todd (Major John Howard) appeared.
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The casino featured in the Ouistreham sequence was in fact a hotel in the town of Port-en-Bessin a town on the Normandy coast which marked the dividing line between Gold and Omaha beaches. At the time of filming, the hotel was due for demolition and was destroyed as part of the production. The site is now a car park, and is marked by an information board.
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The two German Messerschmitt 109 fighters attacking the beach were actually four-seat Messerschmitt 108 liaison planes. In real-life, Priller and Wodarcyk flew Focke Wulf 190s. Both survived.
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Mel Ferrer was originally signed to play the role of General James M. Gavin, but withdrew from the role due to a scheduling conflict.
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The Rupert paradummies used in this movie were far more elaborate and lifelike than those actually used in the decoy parachute drop (Operation Titanic), which were simply canvas or burlap sacks filled with sand. In the real operation, six Special Air Service soldiers jumped with the dummies and played recordings of loud battle noises to distract the Germans.
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In this movie, three Free French Special Air Service paratroopers jump into France before British and American airborne landings. This is accurate. Thirty-six Free French S.A.S. (4 sticks) jumped into Brittany (Plumelec and Duault) on June 5th at 2330, (operation Dingson). The first Allied soldiers killed in action were Lieutenant Den Brotheridge of the 2nd Ox & Bucks Light Infantry as he crossed Pegasus Bridge at 0022 on June 6th, and Corporal Emile Bouétard of the 4th Free French S.A.S. battalion, at the same time in Plumelec, Brittany.
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The United States Sixth Fleet extensively supported the filming and made available many amphibious landing ships and craft for scenes filmed in Corsica, though many of the ships were of (then) modern vintage. The Springfield and Little Rock, both World War II light cruisers (though extensively reconfigured into guided missile cruisers) were used in the shore bombardment scenes, though it was easy to tell they did not resemble their wartime configuration.
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No English is spoken for the first 10 minutes of the film. After several conversations among various high-ranking German officers, the first English sentence is the command "Snap it up! Shake the lead!" from a buck private mess cook imploring the chow line to move.
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When Rommel is in his staff car in front of his headquarters, he tells the driver "Panzer los!" when he's ready to leave. This command is not subtitled and means "Tank, go!" Even though he's in a car, it represents what Rommel as a tank commander would have said in the moment.
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Curd Jürgens (General Günther Blumentritt) and Wolfgang Preiss (Major General Max Pemsel) both later appeared in Battle of the Commandos (1969), which also depicted the D-Day landings.
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General James M. Gavin (Robert Ryan) was actually born James Ryan, but put up for adoption at age two, and adopted by Martin and Mary Gavin at age seven.
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Wolfgang Preiss (Major General Max Pemsel) later played Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in Raid on Rommel (1971) and Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt in A Bridge Too Far (1977).
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Producer Darryl F. Zanuck was continually at Andrew Marton's shoulder when he was directing the American sequences.
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Adolf Hitler had invaded France in May 1940 to force an end to World War II and the Anglo-French economic blockade. France and the British Commonwealth and Empire had declared war on Germany in September 1939 following the invasion of western Poland, although they did not respond to the Soviet Union's invasion of eastern Poland on September 17.
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The highest-grossing black-and-white movie until Schindler's List (1993).
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Brigitte Bardot and Marina Vlady turned down the role of Janine Boitard.
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Although the screenplay is credited to Cornelius Ryan, many other writers worked on this movie.
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Pundits nicknamed this movie "Z-Day".
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The most important construction job for this movie was done at the little fishing village of Port-en-Bessin where Darryl F. Zanuck filmed the French attack against the fortified Casino that once stood at Ouistreham. The three-story building was reconstructed in detail for this great battle scene in the movie, much of it photographed from helicopters.
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When Eisenhower and his staff deliberate on whether or not to proceed due to the weather, a ticking stop watch can be heard starting up as soon as Group Captain Stagg finishes his presentation on the weather. The sound does not change in intensity as it cuts between characters and conveys the urgency of the scene since they have thirty minutes to make a decision.
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In the room where Colonel Vandervoort (John Wayne) and General Gavin (Robert Ryan) discuss the airborne landings, there are two large maps on the walls. One is of the Benelux region on the continent, the other of Great Britain and Ireland - and neither includes the target of the invasion in France.
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This was one of several high-profile projects which John Wayne took in the wake of the extremely expensive The Alamo (1960). He had used his own funds to help finance the project, and he was in desperate need of a quick payday.
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William Holden was offered the role of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Vandervoort, but turned it down, as he was exhausted after finishing Satan Never Sleeps (1962), The Counterfeit Traitor (1962), and The Lion (1962).
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Jack Hedley joked that the scale of this production was so large, and the resources at Producer Darryl F. Zanuck's disposal so vast, that Zanuck was probably the third or fourth most important power in the world at that time.
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Leslie Phillips only has one line in this movie.
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The film takes place from June 5 to June 6, 1944.
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John Wayne and Henry Fonda appeared in another star-studded epic, How the West Was Won (1962).
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Included atmong the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the four hundred movies nominated for the Top 100 Greatest American Movies.
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John Wayne demanded that his name appear separately in the credits.
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In the Spanish version, Fernando Rey and Jesús Puente dubbed Henry Fonda and Peter Lawford.
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Uncredited theatrical movie debut of Siân Phillips (W.R.N.S. Officer).
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Average Shot Length = ~8 seconds. Median Shot Length = ~6.5 seconds
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Elmo Williams was credited as associate producer and coordinator of battle episodes. He later produced another historical World War II movie, Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970), for Darryl F. Zanuck. That movie also used a docudrama style, although it was in color. It depicted the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
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Wolfgang Preiss (Major General Max Pemsel) and Bernhard Wicki, the director of the German episodes, both played Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg in West German movies about the failed July 20, 1944 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler: Preiss in The Plot to Assassinate Hitler (1955) and Wicki in It Happened on July 20th (1955).
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According to Director Ken Annakin, Producer Darryl F. Zanuck took a dislike to Sir Sean Connery. He said, "That Limey mumbles his lines and looks like a slob!"
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Final theatrical movie of Paul Hartmann (Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt).
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Robert E. Evans turned down a role as one of the American soldiers.
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Different types of guns and thousands of rounds of blank ammunition were hand-manufactured for the making of this movie.
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Russell Waters is credited by various sources as being in this movie, but he is nowhere to be seen.
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Countless U.S. Ranger dummies were built by the props crew for the cliff and beach action sequences. Some wired by the special effects guys with explosive charges.
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Sam Gordon was responsible for the "Rupert" doll, designed by Charles-Henri Assola. But Rupert was only one of thousands of props that Prop Master Sam Gordon had to either create or find for this movie.
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Bryan Coleman (Ronald Callen) served in the British Army during WW2 and took part in the D-Day landings.
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Hans Christian Blech (Werner Pluskat) served in the German army during WW2. The prominent scars on his face were real, from wounds received on the Eastern Front.
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