Gemini (Sorted by Birth Date Ascending)


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1. Dante Alighieri

Writer | The Trophy Case: Judgement

Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 into the lower nobility of Florence, to Alighiero di Bellincione d'Alighiero, a moneylender. A precocious student, Dante's education focused on rhetoric and grammar. He also became enamored with a young girl, Beatrice Portinari, whose death in 1290 threw a grieving ...

2. Albrecht Dürer

Art Department | Unser Sandmännchen

Known as a painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and art theorist.

3. Ben Jonson

Soundtrack | Sense and Sensibility

Benjamin Jonson was born 1571 as the posthumous son of a Protestant minister. His mother then moved him to Westminster, where she married a bricklayer. He attended a free parish school as a boy, and thanks to the sponsorship of the headmaster, was able to attend Westminster Grammar School. ...

4. Pierre Corneille

Writer | Les yeux ne veulent pas en tout temps se fermer, ou Peut-être qu'un jour Rome se permettra de choisir à son tour

Tony Kushner and his play, "The Illusion", at the Court Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for a 2010 Joseph Jefferson Award for Production of a Play (Large).

5. Philippe Quinault

Soundtrack | Aria

French dramatist, librettist and poet.

8. Tomaso Albinoni

Soundtrack | Casanova

Albinoni was a prolific composer, although little of his music has remained well known today. He was influential in the development of the instrumental concerto, especially for solo violin. He was the son of a wealthy paper merchant in Venice, and chose to lead life as a dilettante rather than seek...

10. Marquis de Sade

Writer | Sinfonía erótica

Born a rich nobleman, Marquis being his title rather than his birth name, De Sade gradually became a decadent libertine among the French society of Louis XVI. A liberally educated iconoclast, he wrote prose and verse, and specialized in testing the limits of decency, breaking tabboos and shocking ...

11. Johann David Wyss

Writer | Swiss Family Robinson

His son, Johann Rudolf Wyss, wrote the Swiss national anthem.

13. John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams was born on June 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts, USA. He was married to Louisa Adams. He died on February 23, 1848 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

14. Ram Mohan Roy

Music Department | Charulata

16. Thomas Moore

Soundtrack | Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri

Well-known Irish poet and composer, who wrote many of the traditional Irish songs often used in films with an Irish setting.

23. Aleksander Fredro

Writer | Pawel i Gawel

He had two children with Zofia: son, Jan Aleksander (born September 2, 1829; died May 15, 1891); and daughter, Zofia Ludwika Cecyla Konstancja (born May 27, 1837; died April 17, 1904).

24. Cornelius Vanderbilt

Cornelius Vanderbilt was born on May 27, 1794 in Staten Island, New York City, New York, USA. He was married to Francis Crawford and Sophia Johnson. He died on January 4, 1877 in New York City.

27. Alexander Pushkin

Soundtrack | Florence Foster Jenkins

Born to noble parents (his father Sergei was a retired major, and his mother, Nadezhda, was the granddaughter of an ennobled Ethiopian general) on the 26th of May, 1799 in Moscow, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin became involved with a liberal underground revolutionary group that saw him exiled to the ...

28. Edward George Bulwer-Lytton

Writer | Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei

Father of 1st Earl of Lytton Robert Bulwer-Lytton, and grandfather of 2nd Earl of Lytton Victor Bulwer-Lytton.

29. Ralph Waldo Emerson

Writer | Snowbound

Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900.

31. Mikhail Glinka

Music Department | Ruslan and Lyudmila

Mikhail Glinka, the author of the first Russian Opera who suffered from abuse in his early childhood and barely survived the Napoleon's invasion of 1812, had lived most of his adult life outside of Russia and fused Spanish, Italian, French, and other influences in his own music.

He was born Mikhail ...

34. Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis was born on June 3, 1808 in Christian County, Kentucky, USA as Jefferson Finis Davis. He died on December 6, 1889 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

37. Robert Schumann

Soundtrack | Wasabi

Schumann studied Law and at the same time attended piano lessons. He ignored all musical theory because in his mind the romantic music had only to be inspired by fantasy. Publishing the "Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik" he supported young composers of his time like Frédéric Chopin or Johannes Brahms. ...

39. Harriet Beecher Stowe

Writer | Uncle Tom's Cabin

Harriet Beecher Stowe was born into a prominent, religious, Calvinist family in Litchfield, Connecticut on 14 June 1811. She married a seminary professor, Calvin Ellis Stowe, and had seven children, several of whom died during childhood. 'Uncle Tom's Cabin', her first novel, was published in 1852 ...

41. Ivan Goncharov

Writer | Obryv

Ivan Goncharov was a classic Russian writer whose novel 'Oblomov' was adapted to film by director Nikita Mikhalkov.

He was born Ivan Aleksandrovich Goncharov on June 18, 1812, in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (now Ulyanovsk, Russia). His father, a wealthy merchant, died when Goncharov was only seven, and...

42. Richard Wagner

Soundtrack | Watchmen

Richard Wagner was a German composer best known for his operas, primarily the monumental four-opera cycle "Der Ring des Nibelungen". He was born Wilhelm Richard Wagner on May 22, 1813, in Leipzig, Germany. He was the ninth child in the family of Carl Wagner, a police clerk. Richard was only six ...

43. Henry S. Washburn

Soundtrack | Captain Hurricane

Attorney and business executive Henry S. Washburn wrote the poem "The Vacant Chair" to commemorate the death of an eighteen year old Union Army lieutenant who was killed in action around Thanksgiving of 1861.

44. Charles Reade

Writer | The Lyons Mail

Father: John Reade; Mother : Anna Maria Scott-Waring.

46. P.G.T. Beauregard

P.G.T. Beauregard was born on May 28, 1818 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA as Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard. He died on February 20, 1893 in New Orleans.

48. Queen Victoria

Writer | En kongelig familie

Princess Alexandrina Victoria was born on May 24, 1819 to the Duke and Duchess of Kent. Victoria as she was called was the granddaughter of King George III. When she was less than a year old her father died leaving her mother broke and at the mercy of her brother Leopold, the King of Belgium. ...

49. Julia Ward Howe

Soundtrack | The Manchurian Candidate

She created, in 1891, the American Friends of Russian Freedom, and serving as president, in 1894, of the United Friends of Armenia.

50. Walt Whitman

Writer | Messengers

Inducted into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1930.


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