Aries (Sorted by Death Date Ascending)
Art Department | La vita di Leonardo da Vinci
The archetypal "Renaissance Man," Leonardo da Vinci was one of the greatest scientific minds as well as one of the greatest visual artists the human race has ever produced. The illegitimate son of a wealthy Florentine notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman named Caterina, Leonardo was born in ...
Writer | Looking for Desdemona
The 17th Earl of Oxford, hereditary Lord Great Chamberlain of England, scion of the noble house of Vere (his ancestor Aubrey received titles and estates from William the Conqueror in 1066). Poet, playwright, and courtier to Queen Elizabeth I, he received his classical education at Cambridge and ...
Writer | The Country Girl
After he wrote the play, "The Gentleman Master", (1672), it was panned by critics, so in the prologue to his most famous play, "The Country Wife", (1676), he offered the actors, mistresses and matrons to the critics in case this was equally badly received. His last play was, "The Plain Dealer", (...
Soundtrack | Minority Report
Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, 1685, in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, into a large and distinguished family of professional musicians. His father, named Johann Ambrosius Bach, was a violinist and trumpeter, employed by the city of Eisenach. His uncles were church organists, court ...
14. Abbé Prévost
Writer | Manon Lescaut
In 1728, five years after being ordained as a Benedictine priest, he fell out with the ecclesiastical authorities and fled to England, where he became a tutor in the household of Sir John Eyles. He lived in the Netherlands and again in London before returning to Paris in 1734.
16. Giacomo Casanova
Writer | Les aventures de Casanova
Born to acting parents, Casanova was a sickly child and was raised almost entirely by his grandmother. As a young man, he went to Padua to board with a Doctor Gozzi, and fell in love with Gozzi's younger sister, Bettina. After learning his first lessons about women, Casanova set out as an ...
18. Fisher Ames
Soundtrack | Minority Report
Haydn had a hard childhood: at six years old he had to work as a boy singer in a choir and after his voice broke he had to earn his money by playing dance music and serving as a butler. Becoming famous for his compositions Haydn was employed as "Kapellmeister" by Fuerst Esterhazy in Eisenstadt in ...
21. Thomas Jefferson
Writer | Hamilton/Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Goochland County [now Albemarle County], Virginia, USA. He was a writer, known for Hamilton/Jefferson, Biography (1987) and Rome: Power & Glory (1999). He was married to Martha Wayles Skelton. He died on July 4, 1826.
Actor | Five Revolutionary Painters
Francisco Goya was born on March 30, 1746 in Fuendetodos, Aragon, Spain as Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes. He was an actor, known for Romantic Versus Classical Art (1973) and Five Revolutionary Painters (1959). He was a painter of the Romantic era and died of a stroke on April 16, 1828 in ...
23. Francisco Goya
Soundtrack | X-Men: Days of Future Past
Composer, church organist, and early musicologist John Stafford Smith was born in March in 1750 in Gloucester, England. He was the son of church organist Martin Smith and was baptized in Gloucester Cathedral on March 30. Smith attended the Gloucester Cathedral School, where he was a boy singer. ...
29. Anne Lister
Writer | Gentleman Jack
Her diary, which she began at age 15, totaled 27 volumes. The portions concerning her personal life were written in a code that she created; the code was cracked after her death by one of her relatives, who then hid the diary. Helena Whitbread discovered the diaries and re-coded them, revealing ...
32. Samuel Hahnemann
35. Nikolay Gogol
Writer | The Inspector General
Nikolai (Mykola) Gogol was a Russian humorist, dramatist, and novelist of Ukrainian origin. His ancestors were bearing the name of Gogol-Janovsky and claimed belonging to the upper class Polish Szlachta. Gogol's father, a Ukrainian writer living on his old family estate, had five other children. He...
Writer | Messengers
Charles Baudelaire was a 19th century French poet, translator, and literary/art critic. At his birth, Baudelaire's mother, Caroline Archimbaut-Dufays, was 28; his father Francois Baudelaire was 61. Charles' father instilled in him an appreciation for art, taking his young son to museums and ...
46. Mary Ann Mantell
Mary Ann Mantell was born on April 9, 1795 in Paddington, London, England as Mary Ann Woodhouse. She was married to Gideon Mantell. She died on October 20, 1869 in London.