Most Popular Female Wrestler Movies and TV Shows

 Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc
  • Movies or TV
  • Genres
  • Keywords
  • IMDb Rating
  • Instant Watch Options
  • In Theaters
  • On TV
  • Release Year












































































































IMDb user rating (average) to
Number of votes to »






Reset



Reset
Release year or range to »

1. Fighting with My Family (2019)

PG-13 | 108 min | Biography, Comedy, Drama

7.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  
68 Metascore

A former wrestler and his family make a living performing at small venues around the country while his kids dream of joining World Wrestling Entertainment.

Director: Stephen Merchant | Stars: Dwayne Johnson, Lena Headey, Vince Vaughn, Florence Pugh

Votes: 55,078 | Gross: $22.96M

2. Dangal (2016)

Not Rated | 161 min | Action, Biography, Drama

8.4
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.4/10 X  

Former wrestler Mahavir Singh Phogat and his two wrestler daughters struggle towards glory at the Commonwealth Games in the face of societal oppression.

Director: Nitesh Tiwari | Stars: Aamir Khan, Sakshi Tanwar, Fatima Sana Shaikh, Sanya Malhotra

Votes: 137,595 | Gross: $12.39M

3. Deathstalker II (1987)

R | 85 min | Adventure, Comedy, Fantasy

5.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.2/10 X  

Princess Evie of Jzafir is deposed by an evil sorcerer and his dangerous ally. Reena the Seer enlists the aid of the renowned hero Deathstalker to battle the forces of evil, including a clone of the princess, and win back her kingdom.

Director: Jim Wynorski | Stars: John Terlesky, Monique Gabrielle, John Lazar, Toni Naples

Votes: 2,075

4. GLOW: Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling (1986–1989)

Not Rated | 60 min | Action, Comedy

7.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

Wrestlers will portray heroes or villains as they follow a series of events that build tension and culminate in a wrestling match or series matches.

Stars: Jeanne Basone, Emily Dole, Lorilyn Palmer, Mike Morgan

Votes: 459

5. Train (I) (2008)

R | 94 min | Horror, Thriller

4.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.7/10 X  

In Europe, a group of American college athletes unknowingly board a train that will become one deadly ride.

Director: Gideon Raff | Stars: Thora Birch, Gideon Emery, Kavan Reece, Derek Magyar

Votes: 5,733

6. Desperate Living (1977)

X | 90 min | Comedy, Crime, Fantasy

7.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.2/10 X  

A neurotic society woman murders her husband with the help of her maid and, on the lam, escape to Mortville, a homeless community ruled over by a fascist queen.

Director: John Waters | Stars: Liz Renay, Mink Stole, Susan Lowe, Edith Massey

Votes: 4,582

7. The Lady Eve (1941)

Passed | 94 min | Comedy, Romance

7.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.8/10 X  

A trio of classy card sharks targets the socially awkward heir to brewery millions for his money, until one of them falls in love with him.

Director: Preston Sturges | Stars: Barbara Stanwyck, Henry Fonda, Charles Coburn, Eugene Pallette

Votes: 18,032

8. Stewardess School (1986)

R | 89 min | Action, Comedy

4.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.2/10 X  

The zany "stewdents" at a wacky flight attendants' school have all sorts of wild and crazy high-flying adventures in this '80s comedy.

Director: Ken Blancato | Stars: Brett Cullen, Mary Cadorette, Don Most, Sandahl Bergman

Votes: 1,156

9. Best Night Ever (2013)

R | 90 min | Comedy

4.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4/10 X  
17 Metascore

Claire is about to get married, but her bachelorette party quickly spirals out of control.

Directors: Jason Friedberg, Aaron Seltzer | Stars: Desiree Hall, Samantha Colburn, Eddie Ritchard, Crista Flanagan

Votes: 2,438

10. Girls Bravo (2004– )

TV-MA | 25 min | Animation, Comedy, Fantasy

6.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.7/10 X  

Small for his age, Yukinari has been bullied and abused by girls all his life. Now in high school, he has developed a rare condition: whenever girls touch him, or even come close, he breaks... See full summary »

Stars: Yuri Lowenthal, Hunter Mackenzie Austin, Michelle Ruff, Carrie Savage

Votes: 677

11. Hulk Hogan's Rock 'n' Wrestling (1985–1986)

TV-Y7 | 60 min | Animation, Comedy, Action

6.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.1/10 X  

Saturday-morning cartoon series featuring the stars of the World Wrestling Federation.

Stars: Charlie Adler, Lewis Arquette, James Avery, Jodi Carlisle

Votes: 270

12. Monster Brawl (2011)

Not Rated | 89 min | Action, Comedy, Horror

3.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 3.6/10 X  

Eight classic monsters fight to the death in an explosive wrestling tournament set inside an abandoned and cursed graveyard.

Director: Jesse Thomas Cook | Stars: Dave Foley, Art Hindle, Robert Maillet, Jimmy Hart

Votes: 2,206

13. WrestleMania XIX (2003 TV Special)

TV-14 | 240 min | Action, Sport

8.3
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.3/10 X  

WWE Title: Kurt Angle vs. Brock Lesnar, World Heavyweight Title: Triple H vs. Booker T, The Rock vs. Steve Austin, Hulk Hogan vs. Vince Mcmahon, WWE Women's Title: Victoria vs. Trish ... See full summary »

Director: Kevin Dunn | Stars: Kurt Angle, Brock Lesnar, Paul Levesque, Booker Huffman

Votes: 1,309

14. International Khiladi (1999)

Unrated | 175 min | Action, Crime, Drama

4.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.8/10 X  

Devraj, a gangster and Payal, a reporter fell in love. Amit, loves Payal and a lot of trouble follows in their lives.

Director: Umesh Mehra | Stars: Akshay Kumar, Twinkle Khanna, Rajat Bedi, Vivek Shauq

Votes: 1,927

15. The 25th Anniversary of WrestleMania (2009 TV Special)

TV-PG | 240 min | Sport

7.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.6/10 X  

Widely recognized as one of the most breathtaking matches of all time, the Legend who is 16-0 at WrestleMania takes on the Icon known as Mr. WrestleMania. Undertaker and Shawn Michaels deliver an epic clash for the ages.

Director: Kevin Dunn | Stars: Paul Levesque, Randy Orton, Mark Calaway, Shawn Michaels

Votes: 951

16. The American Angels: Baptism of Blood (1990 Video)

R | 99 min | Drama, Sport

5.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.6/10 X  

Lisa has a grandfather called Killer Kane, who stopped Wrestling after he killed someone while performing "the snap". Her only wish is to become a wrestler herself. To achieve this, she ... See full summary »

Directors: Beverly Sebastian, Ferd Sebastian | Stars: Jan Sebastian, Tray Loren, Mimi Lesseos, Trudy Adams

Votes: 149

17. Racket Girls (1951)

Unrated | 70 min | Action, Crime, Drama

1.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1.6/10 X  

A money launderer uses women's wrestling as a front for his illegal activities, but earns the enmity of a powerful mobster.

Director: Robert C. Dertano | Stars: Peaches Page, Timothy Farrell, Clara Mortensen, Rita Martínez

Votes: 796

18. Rumble Roses XX (2006 Video Game)

M | Action, Sport

7.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  

Rumble Roses XX is a wrestling game for the Xbox 360 featuring all-female fighters. Gameplay allows you to perform various types of moves, including holds, throws, reversals and finishing ... See full summary »

Director: Makio Yamanaka | Stars: Ai Orikasa, Aki Sasaki, Ayumi Fujimura, Chiemi Ishimatsu

Votes: 43

19. Night of the Bloody Apes (1969)

R | 81 min | Horror

5.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5/10 X  

This cheap Mexican horror film is a remake of Cardona's Doctor of Doom (1962), spiced with nudity, medical footage, women wrestling, and cheap gore shots. Female masked wrestler Lucy (who ... See full summary »

Director: René Cardona | Stars: José Elías Moreno, Carlos López Moctezuma, Armando Silvestre, Norma Lazareno

Votes: 815

20. Beat Down (2012)

89 min | Comedy

6.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.7/10 X  

Beat Down is an irreverent comedy about wrestling, family and following your dreams no matter how painful that can sometimes be.

Fran Whiteway (Marthe Bernard, Republic of Doyle) is eighteen... See full synopsis »

Director: Deanne Foley | Stars: Marthe Bernard, Robb Wells, Dan Beirne, Tony Nappo

Votes: 89

21. WWE SmackDown! Here Comes the Pain (2003 Video Game)

T | Action, Sport

8.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  

Wrestle with the 2003 roster.

Stars: Kurt Angle, Steve Austin, Dave Bautista, Rodney Begnaud

Votes: 446

22. Wrestling Women vs. the Aztec Mummy (1964)

85 min | Adventure, Horror, Sci-Fi

4.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4/10 X  

If you've ever longed for a movie about wrestling women who take on various monsters, this is it. There is Xochitl, a female mummy, and her lover Tezomoc who is also a mummy, and he can ... See full summary »

Director: René Cardona | Stars: Lorena Velázquez, Armando Silvestre, Elizabeth Campbell, María Eugenia San Martín

Votes: 281

23. Wanna Be the Strongest in the World (2013– )

TV-MA | Animation, Drama, Sport

5.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.5/10 X  

Hagiwara Sakura and Miyazawa Erena are the leading members of popular idol group, Sweet Diva. Erena is injured by the attack of a female pro-wrestler called Kazama Rio during the recording ... See full summary »

Stars: Lindsay Seidel, Lydia Mackay, Jamie Marchi, Sora Amamiya

Votes: 85

24. Pushed to the Limit (1992)

R | 96 min | Action, Drama

6.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6/10 X  

Magnificent Mimi is a woman with a destiny and a bright future ahead of her. She is the world's greatest female wrestling champion, she has a loving boyfriend and loyal family members who ... See full summary »

Director: Michael Mileham | Stars: Mimi Lesseos, Eidan Hanzei, Verrel Reed, Barbara Braverman

Votes: 67

25. Parts Unknown (2018)

Horror

5.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.2/10 X  

After putting their bodies on the line for countless years, a family of professional wrestlers seek a brand new way to satisfy an impeccable bloodlust.

Director: Richard Chandler | Stars: William DeCoff, Alexandra Cipolla, Sarah Michelle, Lizzie Havoc

Votes: 12

26. Fighting with My Family: Learning the Moves (2019 Video)

3 min | Documentary, Short

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

The cast of 'Fighting with My Family' discuss how they were trained in professional wrestling during the making of this film.

Star: Florence Pugh

27. Doctor of Doom (1963)

77 min | Horror, Sci-Fi

4.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.7/10 X  

A mad scientist terrorizes a city by kidnapping young women with his ape-man Gomar and then using them as subjects in sadistic brain transplant experiments. A female wrestler whose sister ... See full summary »

Director: René Cardona | Stars: Lorena Velázquez, Armando Silvestre, Elizabeth Campbell, Roberto Cañedo

Votes: 223

28. WWF Divas: Tropical Pleasure (2002 Video)

75 min | Documentary, Sport

7.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.5/10 X  

Run off to the sand, sun and warm waters of the Bahamas. See Ivory, Jacqueline, Lita, Sara, Sharmell, Sullivan, Stacy Keibler, Terri, Torrie Wilson and Trish Stratus like you've never seen them before.

Stars: Terri Runnels, Trish Stratus, Jacqueline Moore, Lisa Moretti

Votes: 68

29. WSU 2nd Anniversary Show (2009 Video)

123 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

There were some unique stipulations to this Bullrope match, where instead of having to touch all four corners to win the match, you had to touch all four corners to be eligible for a pin or... See full summary »

Directors: David John Markland, Drew Cordeiro, Sean McCaffrey, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Jasmine Benitez, Brooke Carter, Rick Cataldo, Xtreme Girl

Votes: 6

30. ¡El que no corre... vuela! (1982)

85 min | Action, Adventure, Comedy

6.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.8/10 X  

After mistakenly going to jail, Maria makes friends with a woman whose kids live in the streets and Maria gets the idea to help them.

Director: Gilberto Martínez Solares | Stars: María Elena Velasco, Evita Muñoz 'Chachita', Freddy Fernández, Mario Alberto Rodríguez

Votes: 61

31. Lipstick & Dynamite, Piss & Vinegar: The First Ladies of Wrestling (2004 TV Movie)

Not Rated | 83 min | Documentary, Biography, History

6.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6.9/10 X  
62 Metascore

Ring legends such as The Fabulous Moolah and Gladys "Kill 'Em" Gillem Long provide candid insights into the history of women's professional wrestling.

Director: Ruth Leitman | Stars: Gladys Gillem, John Daly, Mildred Burke, Mae Young

Votes: 305 | Gross: $0.03M

32. WSU Breaking Barriers IV (2016 Video)

82 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

SU closed out 2016 with its marquee event, Breaking Barriers 4. Mercedes Martinez had to prove herself to WSU Champion Allie when she faced the returning LuFisto. The dominate Taeler ... See full summary »

Directors: David John Markland, Drew Cordeiro, Sean McCaffrey, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Britt Baker, Xandra Bale, Leva Bates, Nancy Becker

33. Zombie Beach Party (2003 Video)

76 min | Horror

4.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4.1/10 X  

Ulysses, a professional wrestler, is going to watch another fight in which a wrestler is up against a horde of zombies. One of the zombies kills a waitress and Ulysses and his friends ... See full synopsis »

Director: Stacey Case | Stars: Jules Delorme, Jennifer Thom, Raymond Carle, Rob 'El Fuego' Etcheverria

Votes: 304

34. ECW Barely Legal (1997 TV Special)

160 min | Sport

8.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8/10 X  

ECW Title: Raven vs. Terry Funk, ECW Television Title: Shane Douglas vs. Pitbull #2, ECW Tag Team Titles: The Dudley Boyz vs. The Eliminators, Terry Funk vs. The Sandman vs. Stevie Richards... See full summary »

Director: Michael Vettor | Stars: Scott Levy, Terry Funk, Jim Fullington, Michael Manna

Votes: 183

35. WSU 9th Anniversary Show (2016 Video)

110 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

WSU fête son neuvième anniversaire avec un show qui ne sort pas vraiment de l'ordinaire pour être franc. Étrangement, le main event voit - Solo Darling et Veda Scott s'affronter de nouveau ... See full summary »

Directors: David John Markland, Drew Cordeiro, Sean McCaffrey, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Leva Bates, Nancy Becker, Rick Cataldo, Dan Cowhey

36. Junk Food (1997)

Not Rated | 82 min | Crime, Drama

6.0
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6/10 X  

Blending widescreen cinematography with digital video, JUNK FOOD casts an unblinking but painterly eye over the darkest, most brutal fringes of contemporary Japanese society. JUNK FOOD ... See full summary »

Director: Masashi Yamamoto | Stars: Ali Ahmed, Arata Furuta, Mika Kumagai, Miki Mia

Votes: 140

37. WWE Judgment Day (2002 TV Special)

180 min | Sport

7.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 7.1/10 X  

WWE Undisputed Title: Hulk Hogan vs. The Undertaker, Hell in a Cell: Triple H vs. Chris Jericho, WWE Intercontinental Title: Eddie Guerrero vs. Rob Van Dam, WWE Tag Team Titles: Billy & ... See full summary »

Director: Kevin Dunn | Stars: Hulk Hogan, Mark Calaway, Paul Levesque, Chris Jericho

Votes: 212

38. Women Of Warriors III (2017 Video)

81 min | Action, Reality-TV, Sport

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Share Warriors of Wrestling began announcing matches for her show Women of Warriors III in October. Among them is WOW Women title defense, since Nikki Addams will be on the line against ... See full summary »

Directors: Joe Bellini, Jeanie Buss | Stars: Vanity, Kris Stadtlander, Christina Sarni, Willa Monet

39. EVE Not Made to Be Subtle (2018 Video)

120 min | Sport

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Main Event Empress" Sammii Jayne defeated Candyfloss by submission. Following the match, Rhia O'Reilly announced that Sammii Jayne would have to defend the Pro-Wrestling:EVE Championship or... See full summary »

Stars: Samantha Allen, Candyfloss, Chakara, Laura Di Matteo

40. TJP Let's Go To Kitazawa In The Spring, Together With Your Friends! (2018 Video)

146 min | Sport

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

With a new fire and a new hairstyle, Rika Tatsumi shocked everyone by choking out Miyu Yamashita with the Dragon Sleeper in the main event. She told a stunned Yamashita after the match that... See full summary »

Director: Dramatic Dream Team | Stars: Yuki Aino, Azusa Christie, Hikari, Hinano

41. Bar Wrestling 12 Aunt May (2018 Video)

134 min | Action, Drama, Game-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

os Angeles based All Ages Professional Wresting Show with a Full Bar (valid ID required to be served at the bar) and a Standing Room Only Concert Type Atmosphere featuring The Hurricane, ... See full summary »

Stars: Benny Cuntapay, Shaun Ricker, Pentagon Jr., Eli Everfly

Gross: $0.01M

42. She-Wolves of the Ring (1965)

TV-G | 85 min | Drama, Action

5.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.2/10 X  

Los problemas Íntimos y las maldades de sus amigos los resuelven en el ring.

Director: René Cardona | Stars: Lorena Velázquez, Elizabeth Campbell, María Eugenia San Martín, Sonia Infante

Votes: 26

43. WSU First Annual Uncensored Rumble (2008 Video)

67 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Alexa Thatcher vs. Rick Cataldo (3:58) Cindy Rogers vs. Rebecca Payne (4:46) Amy Lee vs. Hostess Belmont (13:01) Alex Thatcher vs. Little Feather Alera (14:23) Angel Orsinipop Discord (14:... See full summary »

Directors: Sean McCaffrey, Drew Cordeiro, David John Markland, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Nancy Becker, Kacee Carlisle, Rick Cataldo, Rayna Fyre

44. FPW Debut Show (2018 Video)

135 min | Action, Game-Show, Reality-TV

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Frontline Wrestling are looking to bring the Japanese 'Puro' style to British shores in a way that has never been seen before. This announcement with these incredible athletes shows that ... See full summary »

Director: Matt Burden | Stars: Victor Benjamin, Paul Bilbo, Shotzi Blackheart, Elizabeth Crist

45. CZW/WSU Cherry T (2015 Video)

88 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Dernier show de 2015 et ce sera un peu différent cette fois-ci. Lors d'Excellence, Cherry Bomb a eu la clavicule cassée lors de son match contre Candice Lerae et comme son nom l'indique, ce... See full summary »

Directors: David John Markland, Drew Cordeiro, Sean McCaffrey, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Dan Barry, Leva Bates, Nancy Becker, Stephanie Bell

46. EVE Riot, Grrrls! (2018 Video)

127 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV, Sport

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Singles Match, 1 Fall, 20 Minute Time Limit Rhia O'Reilly vs Sierra Loxton Singles Match, 1 Fall, 20 Minute Time Limit Addy Starr vs Charli Evans Co-Main Event: 2018 SHE-1 SERIES Qualifying... See full summary »

Directors: Emily Read, Dann Read | Stars: Gary Benfield, Laura Di Matteo, Charli Evans, Jamie Hayter

47. WSU Breaking Barriers III (2014 Video)

126 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

Un show décevant de la part de WSU. Le booking est parti dans tous les sens ici avec des choix bien étranges (dynamique de certains matchs, neuf matchs dans un show de deux heures, Niya vs.... See full summary »

Directors: David John Markland, Drew Cordeiro, Sean McCaffrey, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Nicole Barela, Max Barsky, Leva Bates, Nancy Becker

48. WSU Resurgence (2014 Video)

108 min | Game-Show, Sport, Talk-Show

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

First match for Belle since she lost the Spirit Title against Niya and it's also her latest one for WSU. Rose on his side is on a good run and has not lost since the third Secret Show ... See full summary »

Directors: Sean McCaffrey, Drew Cordeiro, David John Markland, Jack Sabbath | Stars: Nicole Barela, Max Barsky, Nancy Becker, Marti Belle

49. WCW Uncensored (1996 TV Special)

180 min | Action, Sport

5.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5.1/10 X  

Tower of Terror Match: Randy Savage & Hulk Hogan vs. Ric Flair, Lex Luger, Arn Anderson, The Barbarian, Meng, Ze Gangster & The Ultimate Solution, WCW U.S. Title: Konnan vs. Eddie Guerrero,... See full summary »

Stars: Hulk Hogan, Randy Savage, Ric Flair, Arn Anderson

Votes: 89

50. Bar Wrestling 4 Autumn In LA (2017 Video)

80 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV, Sport

Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -/10 X  

We're in Baldwin Park, California. Bar Wrestling is an all-standing venue, which creates the same rowdy atmosphere you get at wXw shows. The fans on top of the ring. Beyond is also quite ... See full summary »

Stars: Kira Hennigan, Kia Stevens, Chelsea Anne Green, Natalie Osman



Recently Viewed