Legendary directorsby yulia-ivanova | created - 01 Nov 2015 | updated - 6 days ago | Public
1. Sidney Lumet
Director | 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although ...
11 US dog day afternoon, before the devil knows you'are dead, network, the prince of the city, serpico, 12 angry men, the hill, equus, the verdict, the offence, running on empty
Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...
11 US a clockwork orange, the shining, 2001 space odyssey, full metal jacket, barry lyndon, eyes wide shut, dr strangelove, spartacus, paths of glory, lolita, the killing
Director | Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started...
10 US gosford park, short cuts, the player, mash, nashville, 3 women, McCabe and Mrs Miller, the long goodbye, imagesm a prairie home companion
4. Alan Parker
Director | Evita
Prior to moving into film, Alan was noted as one of London's most talented advertising copywriters. He worked for the Collet Dickinson Pearce (CDP) ad agency in the 1960's and early 1970's, and began directing his own tvc scripts in their basement. Formed a partnership with David Puttnam as his ...
10 UK evita, the life of david gale, the road to wellville, pink floyd the wall, angela's ashes, mississippi burning, angel heart, midnight express, the commitments, birdy
5. Milos Forman
Director | One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in ...
10 Czech republic one flew over the cookoo's nest, man on the moon, people vs larry flynt, amadeus, goya's ghosts, valmont, ragtime, hair, taking off, the firemen's ball
Writer | Smultronstället
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...
9 Sweden the seventh seal, face to face, persona, fanny and alexander, autumn sonata, smultronstallet, through a glass darkly, vargtimmen, jungfrukallan
Writer | Solyaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood (1962), which ...
9 USSR the mirror, solyaris, stalker, andrey rublyov, offret, nostalghia, ivan's childhood, the steamroller and the violin, сегодня увольнения не будет
Director | Brat
Aleksey Balabanov was born on February 25, 1959 in Sverdlovsk, Sverdlovskaya oblast, RSFSR, USSR as Aleksey Oktyabrinovich Balabanov. He was a director and writer, known for Brother (1997), Cargo 200 (2007) and Of Freaks and Men (1998). He was married to Nadezhda Vasileva. He died on May 18, 2013 ...
9 Russia груз 200, морфий, жмурки, брат, брат 2, про уродов и людей, война, мне не больно, я тоже хочу
9. Mike Nichols
Director | The Graduate
He, along with the other members of the "Compass Players" including Elaine May, Paul Sills, Byrne Piven, Joyce Hiller Piven and Edward Asner helped start the famed "Second City Improv" company. They used the games taught to them by fellow cast mate, Paul Sills 's mother, Viola Spolin. He later ...
8 US the graduate, who's afraid of virginia woolf, catch-22, the birdcage, closer, charlie wilson's war, working girl, regarding henry
10. Federico Fellini
Writer | Amarcord
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...
7 Italy 8 and a half, la strada, le notti di cabiria, la dolce vita, amarcord, i vitelloni, e la nave va
11. Peter Weir
Peter Weir was born on August 21, 1944 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia as Peter Lindsay Weir. He is a director and writer, known for Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003), The Way Back (2010) and The Truman Show (1998). He has been married to Wendy Stites since 1966. They ...
Australia 7 dead poets society, the Truman show, master and commander, witness, the green card, the way back, picnic at hanging rock
12. Eldar Ryazanov
Director | Nebesa obetovannye
Eldar Aleksandrovich Ryazanov was born on November 18, 1927 in Samara, Russia. He graduated with honors from the Soviet State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK) in 1950, as a film director. He was making documentaries for five years. In 1955 Ryazanov came to work at the Mosfilm Studios under the ...
7 USSR служебный роман, вокзал для двоих, ирония судьбы, невероятные приключения итальянцев в россии, карнавальная ночь, берегись автомобиля, жестокий романс
13. Alfred Hitchcock
Director | Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...
6 uk rear window, the birds, north by northwest, vertigo, psycho, dial m for murder
14. Alan J. Pakula
Producer | Sophie's Choice
Alan J. Pakula was born on April 7, 1928 in The Bronx, New York City, New York, USA as Alan Jay Pakula. He was a producer and director, known for Sophie's Choice (1982), All the President's Men (1976) and Presumed Innocent (1990). He was married to Hannah Pakula and Hope Lange. He died on November ...
6 all the president's men, sophie's choice, presumed innocent, the parallax view, klute, devil's own
15. Leonid Gaidai
Director | Brilliantovaya ruka
Leonid Iovich Gaidai was born on January 30, 1923, in the town of Svobodny, Amur region of Siberia, USSR. He was the third child in the family of a railroad worker. His father, named Iov Isidorovich Gaidai, was exiled to Siberia from Poltava, Ukraine. His mother, named Maria Ivanovna Lubimova, came...
6 USSR иван васильевич меняет профессию, операция Ы, бриллиантовая рука, кавказская пленница, не может быть, 12 стульев
Writer | The Last Emperor
Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films were known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone (1961) and directed The Grim Reaper (...
5 Italy il conformista, the dreamers, novecento, last tango in paris, the last emperor
Director | Die Blechtrommel
Has studied economy and political sciences as well as at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinematographique (IDHEC) in Paris, France. Worked as an assistant director with Louis Malle, Jean-Pierre Melville and Alain Resnais. Founded his own production company Bioskop Film together with Reinhard Hauff ...
5 Germany die blechtrommel, die verlorelene ehre der katharina blum, death of a salesman, die stille nach dem schuss, strohfeuer
18. Norman Jewison
Director | In the Heat of the Night
Norman Frederick Jewison was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to Dorothy Irene (Weaver) and Percy Joseph Jewison, who managed a post office and a convenience store. His mother was an English immigrant, and his father was of English and Ulster-Scots descent. Jewison got his BA at Victoria College, ...
USA 5 and justice for all, in the heat of the night, moonstruck, the hurricane, the cincinnatti kid
19. Akira Kurosawa
Writer | Kakushi-toride no san-akunin
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...
5 Japan dersu uzala, dreams (Yume), rashomon, kagemusha, ran
20. John Hughes
Writer | Planes, Trains & Automobiles
John Hughes was born on February 18, 1950 in Lansing, Michigan, USA as John Wilden Hughes Jr. He was a writer, known for Planes, Trains & Automobiles (1987), The Breakfast Club (1985) and Uncle Buck (1989). He was married to Nancy Hughes. He died on August 6, 2009 in Manhattan, New York City, ...
5 US ferris bueller's day off, weird science, plains trains and automobiles, the breakfast club, sixteen candles
21. James Ivory
Writer | Call Me by Your Name
The main part of his few movies were filmed in the quarter of a century in which he worked closely together with the Indian producer Ismail Merchant and the German writer Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. His first films are all set in India and are very much influenced by the style of Satyajit Ray and Jean ...
4 UK the room with a view, the remains of the day, maurice, howards end
22. Alain Resnais
Director | Hiroshima mon amour
Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959), Same Old Song (1997) and My American Uncle (1980). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He died on March...
France 4 providence, les herbes folles, hiroshima mon amour, l'annee dernier a marienbad
Writer | Blowup
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...
4 Italy l'avventura, zabriskie point, l'eclisee, eros, la notte
Writer | Faustrecht der Freiheit
Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and...
Germany 4 Angst Essen Seele Auf, die bitteren Traenen der Petra Von Kant, die ehe von maria braun, lola
Writer | La montaña sagrada
Alejandro Jodorowsky was born in Iquique, Chile on February 17, 1929. In 1942 he moved to Santiago where he attended university, was a circus clown and a puppeteer. In 1955 he went to Paris and studied mime with Marcel Marceau. He worked with Maurice Chevalier there and made a short film, La cravate...
4 Chile santa sangre, the holy mountain, el topo, la danza de la realidad
26. John Schlesinger
Director | Midnight Cowboy
Oscar-winning director John Schlesinger, who was born in London, on February 16, 1926, was the eldest child in a solidly middle-class Jewish family. Berbard Schlesinger, his father, was a pediatrician, and his mother, Winifred, was a musician. He served in the Army in the Far East during World War ...
4 UK midnight cowboy, marathon man, the next best thing, darling
Writer | Trois couleurs: Bleu
Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (...
Poland 4 trois couleurs bleu, trois couleurs rouge, la double vie de veronique, Krótki film o zabijaniu
Director | Os Canibais
Manoel de Oliveira was born on December 11, 1908 in Oporto, Portugal as Manoel Candido Pinto de Oliveira. He was a director and writer, known for Os Canibais (1988), I'm Going Home (2001) and The Convent (1995). He was married to Maria Isabel Brandão de Meneses de Almeida Carvalhais. He died on ...
Portugal 4 os canibais, um filme falado, viagem ao principio do mundo, je rentre a la maison
29. Vittorio De Sica
Director | Ladri di biciclette
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...
3 Italy ieri, oggi, domani, matrimonio all'italiana, ladri di biciclette
30. John Cassavetes
Actor | Love Streams
John Cassavetes was a Greek-American actor, film director, and screenwriter. He is considered a pioneer of American independent film, as he often financed his own films.
Cassavetes was born in New York City in 1929, to Nicholas John Cassavetes and his wife Katherine Demetre (1906-1983). Nicholas was...
3 US opening night, woman under the influence, faces
31. David Lean
Director | Lawrence of Arabia
An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...
3 UK dr zhivago, the bridge on the river kwai, lawrence of arabia
32. Ken Russell
Director | The Devils
Ken Russell tried several professions before choosing to become a film director; he was a still photographer and a dancer and he even served in the Army, but film was his destiny. He began by making several short films which paved the way for his brilliant television films of the 1960s that are ...
3 UK the devils, altered states, the boy friend
33. Aleksey German
Director | Khrustalyov, mashinu!
Aleksey German was born on July 20, 1938 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, USSR as Aleksei Yuryevich German. He was an actor and director, known for Khrustalyov, My Car! (1998), Hard to Be a God (2013) and My Friend Ivan Lapshin (1985). He was married to Svetlana Karmalita. He died on February 21, 2013 ...
20 dney bez voiny, хрусталев машину
34. Hal Ashby
Editor | In the Heat of the Night
Hal Ashby was born the fourth and youngest child in a Mormon household, in Ogden, Utah, to Eileen Ireta (Hetzler) and James Thomas Ashby, on September 2, 1929. His father was a dairy farmer. After a rough childhood that included the divorce of his parents, his father's suicide, his dropping out of ...
being there, harold and maude
35. Jean-Luc Godard
Director | Pierrot le fou
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...
a bout de souffle, alphaville
36. Orson Welles
Actor | Citizen Kane
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was six) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr. ...
citizen kane, the trial
37. Billy Wilder
Writer | The Apartment
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...
witness for the prosecution, some like it hot
38. Luis Buñuel
Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...
2 Spain belle de jour, le chien andalous
39. Elia Kazan
Director | On the Waterfront
Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...
1 USA on the waterfront